نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه حقوق خصوصی و اسلامی دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکترای حقوق خصوصی دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Based on the legal status of a cotract, it may be subject to one of the following conditions: validity, invalidity, corruption, non-existence, non-influence. Some of these legal situations may turn into new situations; Among other things, if a valid contract is annulled by the judgment of a judicial authority, it means that it becomes a void contract. In French law, judicial annulment is accepted as a general rule (with one exception) in cases where the legal action is subject to the status of nullity (both absolute and relative); However, in Iranian law, there is no such necessity in invalid legal acts, and in general, the annulment of a valid legal act by the judgment of a judicial authority is considered an exceptional matter, and it is realized only in cases of future property and annulment of official documents. Therefore, with a comparative study of the two legal systems of Iran and France, we will find that although the institution of "judicial annulment" is the same in nature in both systems and as a result, some of its effects are common, but the difference in the examples has caused specific effects, the most important of which is the regressive effect of judicial annulment in French law, while in Iranian law, the annulment effect looks to the future and does not spread to the past.
Keywords: judicial annulment, Iranian law, French law, invalidity, authenticity.